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Vol 3 | Issue 2 | June 2008

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Homeland Security and the Benefits of College Education: An Exploratory Study of the New York City Police Department’s Cadet Corps

John A. Eterno

In these turbulent times, law enforcement agencies must employ the most qualified personnel to ensure preservation of both democratic principles and public safety. The exploratory research this paper presents examines the performance of New York City police officers who were members of three distinct groups: officers who entered with cadet background, officers who were college graduates but not cadets, and officers who entered with a high school diploma only. Results indicate that both cadets and college graduates outperform those officers who entered the Department with only a high school diploma, suggesting that higher education has a positive effect on policing. Future research needs to focus on the value of the cadet model to law enforcement.

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Working Within the Walls: The Effect of Care From Coworkers on Correctional Employees

Kelly Cheeseman Dial and W. Wesley Johnson

Most of the existing literature on correctional officer job satisfaction examines factors such as leadership, job environment, stress, and the enduring struggle between the keepers and the kept. This study examined the perceived effect of “care” from coworkers on the work of correctional officers. Care is defined as the expression of interest by one or others in another’s life outside of the scope of work. Correctional officers in a southern prison system were surveyed regarding their perceptions of care from all levels of employees within the correctional system. The results indicate that correctional employee perceptions of care from coworkers is an emerging factor influencing how employees view their work and should be examined in greater detail.

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Using Discriminant Analysis in Policing Research

Michael L. Birzer and Delores E. Craig-Moreland

Discriminant analysis is a multivariate statistical technique that researchers have used successfully in several recent policing studies. This technique allows researchers to divide the sample into meaningful groups that more adequately represent real-life situations and to analyze simultaneously multiple variables that have the potential of explaining group placement. This paper accomplishes four objectives: (1) it describes the general benefits and appropriateness of using discriminant analysis in policing research; (2) it provides an overview of navigating the printed discriminant analysis report; (3) it provides a research case example to demonstrate how discriminant analysis was a tenable procedure when examining police learning strategies, and (4) it compares the value of regression/logistic regression analysis and discriminant analysis in policing research.

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Prisoner Reintegration Challenges of Assimilation and Crime Desistance

Michael Pittaro

This paper illuminates and offers recommendations from a symbolic inter-actionist’s perspective to the challenges associated with assimilation and crime desistance. Symbolic interactionists perceive offenders to be pragmatic actors who continuously adjust their behaviors and actions to the response and reaction of others. Change cannot occur unless the offender chooses to adapt to society’s norms, values, and laws through the adoption of socially responsible behaviors. Thus, genuine rehabilitation must begin with the prisoners’ willingness and motivation to undergo a process of self-transformation. However, the social, medical, emotional, and legal challenges ex-prisoners face stifle their willingness and ability to prepare adequately for reentry and to refrain from recidivistic behaviors. This writer advocates for outcomes-based therapeutic programming during and following incarceration to increase success of prisoner assimilation and reduce recidivism rates.

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Paid Administrative Leave for Officers Involved in Shootings: Exploring the Purpose, Cost, and Efficacy

James E. Guffey, Chandrika Kelso, James Larson, and Dennis Porter

Paid administrative leave for employees who are under investigation by their employers for policy, rule, or regulation violations and even criminal acts is common practice. Private companies and public agencies have found this a convenient action to take when the facts of the incident are not obvious and outright firing of the employee is not yet justified. The employee continues to receive his or her salary while the agency investigates to determine whether there are grounds to fire the employee. Although the process can be expensive from the standpoint that the employee continues to receive his or her salary without reporting for work, it appears to be less expensive in the long-term in the event the employee brings a lawsuit for unlawful termination. The present study examines this practice within police agencies.

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Time and Space Compression in Criminology

John M. Landry

This report discusses the effect of globalization on the perception of time and space and the subsequent compression of those entities. It explores facts surrounding crime rate increases and international issues and discusses evolving crime patterns and new types of offenses. In addition, the article examines social compression theory and the compression of time and space and the subsequent effect it has had on twenty-first century crime, including computer crimes (cybercrimes) and traditional crimes that have now been affected by the Internet’s ability to link victims with offenders. It also discusses criminological theories as they relate to contemporary cybercrime and computer-related crime issues.

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About Us

This journal is dedicated to the men and women serving and those who have served in our criminal justice agencies. America is fortunate to have such fine and devoted professionals serving on our behalf. Thank you.

Professional Issues in Criminal Justice (PICJ), which started in 2005, has evolved from a newly established journalin criminal justice to an established peer-reviewed journal in the field.